VII Congress of Federation of Indian Physiological Societies (FIPS)


XXIX Annual Conference of Physiological Society of India (PSI)

Organized by

Defence Institute of Physiology & Allied Sciences, DRDO, Delhi, India

About Delhi

About Delhi

Delhi, the capital of India has a strong historical background. It was ruled by some of the most powerful emperors in Indian history.

Delhi Today

Modern Delhi, popularly known as Lutyens' Delhi, bears a striking contrast to Old Delhi with respect to architecture, building materials and layout. However, Modern Delhi itself dates back to over a century when the British shifted their capital from Calcutta to Delhi. New Delhi, as it is known today, designed by Lutyens, has wide-open lanes, avenues and buildings that are worth traveling across the globe for. ​

Besides the usual tourist attractions of Modern Delhi - India Gate, Rashtrapati Bhavan, Parliament House, North and South Block - which are stunning examples of British architecture, you can also visit the various museums, temples and memorials that provide a comprehensive and entertaining insight into the lives of Delhites. ​

National Museum, at par with any international museum, is an important place to visit in modern Delhi. Here, you can catch glimpses of the rich historical past of India, from the ancient period to the medieval ages. ​

National Rail Museum documents the more than 150-year-old history of Indian railways, including the first steam engine that ran from Thane, Mumbai in 1853 that marked the beginning of Indian Railways. ​

Modern Delhi has some popular temples of Modern India that are known not only for their religious significance but also for their experimental designs that challenge conventional architectural standards. The Lakshmi Narayan Temple (Birla Temple), built by the Birlas, is dedicated to the worship of Lord Lakshmi Narayan (Vishnu). Another temple worth a visit on your tour of Modern Delhi is the Lotus Temple built by followers of the Bahai faith. Built in the shape of a blooming lotus, the temple draws thousands of tourists each day. ​

Iskon (International Society for Krishna Consciousness) Temple boasts of a vegetarian restaurant, library,animatronics center and an upcoming museum besides the prayers and meditation facilities. ​

The newly built Akshardham temple is a very popular destination for tourists and Delhites. The temple is situated on the banks of Yamuna River, and is besides the Common Wealth Games village.

New Delhi has memorials of famous freedom fighters and National leaders. Raj Ghat, Shanti Van, Shakti Sthal are the resting place of Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru and Indira Gandhi respectively. You can also visit the Teen Murti Bhavan (Nehru Memorial Museum), Gandhi Smriti and Indira Gandhi Memorial.​

The capital has a charming mix of old and new world. On one side you can see Old architectural sites, buzzing streets and exotic markets, and on the other side Delhi has magnificent Malls, swan by overbridges, modern opulent high rise buildings and lots of greenery.

History of Delhi

Delhi, the capital of India has a strong historical background. It was ruled by some of the most powerful emperors in Indian history. ​ ​

The history of the city is as old as the epic Mahabharata. The town was known as Indraprastha, where Pandavas used to live. In due course eight more cities came alive adjacent to Indraprastha: Lal Kot, Siri, Dinpanah, Quila Rai Pithora, Ferozabad, Jahanpanah, Tughlakabad and Shahjahanabad. ​ ​

Delhi has been a witness to the political turmoil for over five centuries. It was ruled by the Mughals in succession to Khiljis and Tughlaqs. ​

In 1192 the legions of the Afghan warrior Muhammad of Ghori captured the Rajput town, and the Delhi Sultanate was established (1206). The invasion of Delhi by Timur in 1398 put an end to the sultanate; the Lodis, last of the Delhi sultans, gave way to Babur, who, after the battle of Panipat in 1526, founded the Mughal Empire. The early Mughal emperors favoured Agra as their capital, and Delhi became their permanent seat only after Shah Jahan built (1638) the walls of Old Delhi. ​

From Hindu Kings to Muslim Sultans, the reins of the city kept shifting from one ruler to another. The soils of the city smell of blood, sacrifices and love for the nation. The old 'Havelis' and edifices from the past stand silent but their silence also speaks volumes for their owners and people who lived here centuries back. ​

In the year 1803 AD, the city came under the British rule. In 1911, British shifted their capital from Calcutta to Delhi. It again became the center of all the governing activities. But, the city has the reputation of over throwing the occupants of its throne. It included the British and the current political parties that have had the honour of leading free India. ​

After independence in 1947, New Delhi was officially declared as the Capital of India.

The Culture of Delhi

Delhi is the traditional and present day capital of India. Delhi stands in a triangle formed by the river Yamuna in the east and spurs from the Aravali range in the west and south.

Delhi is not only the largest commercial centre in Northern India, but also the largest centre of small industries. The IT sector, handloom, fashion, textile and electronic industry contribute a lot to Delhi's economy.

Delhi is bounded by four states namely Haryana, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Punjab that have a strong influence on the lifestyle of Delhi. Delhi is a cosmopolitan city where people are open to embracing new ideas and life style. People from all parts of the country live here. Alll major festival of Inida are celebrated and the Unity in Diversity is evident in social and cultural gatherings. Be it Holi, Diwali, Id, Guru Purab, Buddha Purnima or Christmas, you will find the same vigor and bliss among people from different communities.

For More Information Kindly Visit Delhi Tourism Website: